Chronicle Aviation > 1910 - 1930

Chronicles

Translated by BabelFish

< 1890 - 1910
1930 - 1950 >

Bordeaux, January 4 1910

Leon Delagrange loses a wing and is killed, on board its monoplane Blériot XI.


New York, May 29 1910

Glenn Curtiss flew over the Hudson river in its Albany Flyer. Carrying out in 2h51min the 245 km which separate Albany and New York.


San Francisco, January 18 1911

Eugene Ely is the first aviator to have posed his apparatus on a ship. Taking off of the ground of Tanforan, to the orders of the Albany Flyer modified of Curtiss, it comes right on the USS Pennsylvania which is anchored to 19 km in bay of San Francisco.


Saint-Malo, September 4 1911

Record of altitude for Roland Garros: 3910 m.


Pasadena, November 5 1911

In 55 days, Rodgers crosses the USA: 6950 km.


France, April 16 1912

American Harriett Quimby flies away of Dover, April 16, at 5 a.m. 35 min, board a Blériot monoplane, to land in Hardelot, about thirty kilometers of Calais, at 6 a.m. 30 min. It is the first woman to make a success of the overhead crossing of the English Channel.


Friedrichshafen, December 31 1912

the famous airship of the account Ferdinand Von zeppelin transported more than 8000 passengers since its first flight, in 1908. It there has two years, the count Von zeppelin, old general of cavalry, entrusted the exploitation of these lines to the Delag company. Its airships reign as Masters in the German sky.


Bizerte, September 23 1913

Garros made a success of the crossing of the Mediterranean. It is 5h47 with Frejus-Saint-Raphaël, when Morane-Saulnier is released. Heavy its 8 hours of fuel, it rolls a long time before rising. As soon as Roland Garros reaches 1500 m, it sees right Corsica in front of him. Towards 7h20, a sinister noise shakes all the plane. The engine still turns, but there is a tear on the cap, and it leaves the oil drops there that the wind launches to him to the figure. One hour is passed, Ajaccio east in sight, the engine still turns. Sardinia is not far and a mechanic is in Cagliari. He sinks towards the south. Sardinia is covered with clouds, it must go down to 800 m, then to 600. With Cagliari, any signal on the ground of the mechanic. Dilemma. Garros has one hour of delay, the reserve of fuel is used. It decides to continue and climbs slowly around 3000 m where consumption will be reduced. Two hours later, it sees destroyers. It cuts lighting and fall towards the sea. To 300 m, the coast takes shape. It restarts the engine and reached the parade ground of Bizerte.


Saint-Pétersbourg, July 11 1914

Saint-Pétersbourg - Kiev, is 2560 km in 10h30 min, achieved by the manufacturer Igor Sikorsky with the orders of its Ilia-Mourometz and with passengers on board.


France, September 4 1914

the aviators observes the German advance.


France, April 1 1915

After 3 months of research, Roland Garros developed a propeller of special form allowing the passage of the balls of the machine-gun located behind it.


Chelm (Poland), June 21 1916

a breakdown of engine put a term at the incredible exploit of lieutenant Anselme Marchal. After having especially made equip Nieuport to hold the air fourteen hours, Marchal flew away yesterday evening of the airport of Nancy in direction of Germany. At three hours of the morning, it passed above Berlin, where it threw a rain of leaflets, then it carried on its road towards Russia. Unfortunately, a breakdown obliged to land close to Chelm, with less than one hundred kilometers of the border. The aviator was made prisoner. With its apparatus, Marchal will have covered 349 km moreover than the preceding record of the world of distance.


Seattle, July 15 1916

He is a trader out of wooden and is called Boeing; it has a plane, baptized Bluebill, and a company, Pacific Aero Products. The town of Seattle, in the state of Washington, perhaps will become, thanks to him, a center of aviation.


Lagnicourt, October 28 1916

Disappearance of two large German aces: Max Immelmann (on June 28, 1916), called by his/her comrades the Eagle of Lille and the German pilot Oswald Boëlcke, holder of forty victories.


Western Face, April 30 1917

the red Baron makes devastations. French knows what they speak when they call the German Manfred von Richthofen the red Baron. Red blood like the D1 Albatross which it controls in this fatal month. During the month, it cut down with him only twenty and one English planes.


France, April 21 1918

Manfred von Richthofen, the red Baron, joined his victims in death.


Thurso, May 23 1919

They wanted to be the first to cross the Atlantic by means of an apparatus other than a seaplane: the English Harry Hawker and Kenneth Mackenzie Grieve failed to pay of their life this ambition.


Town Cape, 20 Mars 1920

Two pilots of the RAF, the Brand Captain and the lieutenant-colonel Van Ryneveld, rejoined South Africa. They started from Brooklands in Surrey and they needed 45 days and three apparatuses to be able to join Wynberg where they landed today.


Dakar, 31 Mars 1920

After a memorable tour, only Bréguet 16 of the Commander Vuillemin and Lieutenant Chalus landed with 10h30 in Dakar. The raid will have cost the life to the Laperrine General. Passenger in one of the apparatuses of the group Rolland, it died in an accident at the time of an emergency landing in the desert. The Dagnaux pilot, it, were found. Since Villacoublay, Vuillemin and Chalus traversed 6630 km in 21 stages, crossing the Mediterranean by the Balearic Islands.


Mount Blanc, July 30 1921

It is Switzerland of Geneva, François Durafour, who will have finally made a success of this first: a landing on the most top of the Alps, the Mount Blanc. The plane could land on the vast snowfield to the collar of the Dome.


the United States, September 4 1922

It is only 25 years old and it is already a hero. Lieutenant James Harold Doolitlle, known as Jimmy, has just carried out a historical flight: he is the first to have crossed the United States of is in west in less than 12 midnight. On a total course of 3480 km, Doolittle made one stop, with Kelly Field, in Texas, to supply itself while carburizing. It was posed at San Diego in California, 21 hours and 19 minutes after having left Florida.


France, 31 Mars 1924

a plane which controls its flight, it is the end of the tiredness and the permanent attention of the pilots who supervise and correct the attitudes of the machine. Two methods are gathered to make fly the plane by itself: an apparatus controls the stable flight and another directs it by means of an established radio-relay system on the ground. Stabilities horizontal and transverse are ensured by a group of gyroscopes which react according to the laws of inertia. The resultant of these orders is transmitted to the control surfaces of the plane by a system of cables and electric motors. The pilot can operate a serrated roller to indicate the selected course. Thus to release from manual piloting, it can turn its attention on the operation of the engines. The first tests of a plane with automatic piloting go back to 1918 with work of the captain max Butcher who, as of July 1917, made take off and land a plane without the assistance of the pilot. Encouraged by the Ferrié General, it constitutes a team with Etampes in order to continue her experiments on behalf of the ministry for the War. It must make with the competition of the navy, which works on its side to a similar project.


Seattle, September 28 1924

For the first time, from the planes come to achieve a turn of the world. Five months and half after their departure of Seattle, the Chicago and the New Orleans, both World Cruiser of this extraordinary tour, regained their starting point, acclaimed and celebrated by a crowd of 50000 people. Ordered by the lieutenants Lowell H. Smith and Leslie P. Arnold, the apparatuses traversed 49561 km in 371 hours and 11 minutes of flight, thus carrying out an average of 125 km/h.


Stamps, August 9 1925

Maurice Drouhain and Jules Landry is the heros of the day. On board Goliath F62 single-engined aircraft, they established a double record of the world: that of distance in closed loop with 4400 km, and that of duration with 40. 12 min 12 dryness of uninterrupted flight. To 3 a.m. this morning, they are posed whereas there remain to them only 10 liters of fuel. As for the manufacturer Henri Farman, it thus improves its record of duration of more than two hours.


New York, May 20 1927

Charles Lindbergh took off, despizing weather conditions. And, until the last minute, the question remained posed: who will leave the first of Lindbergh, Chamberlin or Byrd? For ten days, the three competitors had waited Roosevelt Field, almost coast at coast, a favorable sign of the weather. This night, anxious to be even made double, Lindbergh decides to leave. The ultimate checking of the plane is undertaken. The tanks are filled. The carburettor is supplied with hot air. The grease which protects certain places from the apparatus is removed. A short rest, then Lindbergh springs on the track. The Spirit of Saint Louis rolls, hesitates, and, finally, rises in the sky in direction of Paris.


Le Bourget, May 21 1927

Charles Lindbergh crosses the Atlantic Ocean. It is 22h22 in Paris this Saturday when Lindbergh is posed on the ground of encumbered Le Bourget of an incredible crowd, informed of its arrival since it passed above the coasts Normans. Since 33 hours and 30 minutes that the engine, Wright of the J-5 type, deafens it in the small cockpit of the NX-211; it does not feel any more tiredness, it made place with the excitation. It met during the flight all the possible conditions. Icing with descent with the short-nap cloth of the floods, low clouds and a little clear sky. The controller of flight, created by French Airspeed indicator, as well as the indicators of turn and crossfall allowed him to control without looking at outside. He passed to Ireland at the point envisaged. The Orteig price is well gained.


Australia, June 10 1928

Charles Kingsford-Smith and the second pilot Charles T P. Ulm, both Australian, and two Americans - the navigator Harry W Lyons and the radio operator J W Warner - take off of Oakland (California) on May 31 in direction of Australia, on board Fokker Southern Cross. After two stopovers - in Honolulu and the Fiji islands -, they make a success of their crossing of the Pacific Ocean by reaching Brisbane (State of Queensland, Australia) on June 9 and Sydney the following day, at the end of a flight of 83. 35 min. Kingsford-Smith will repeat, but in opposite direction, between October 19 and November 5, 1934, with Lockheed Altair Lady Southern Cross and an effective flight of 51. 49 min.



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